It is in these moments that I am reminded of effective summarizing as an important reading skill that helps many students get to the point. Summarizing is an essential reading skill I teach early and often in my classroom. To successfully summarize a text, students must first determine important information while disregarding irrelevant information as they read.
As a result, summarizing requires students to comprehend, analyze and synthesis information from a text. This sets summarizing apart from simply retelling what was read.
This tried-and-true strategy is my go-to standby as a quick method to help students determine the key details in order to summarize a fictional text.
For this strategy, students respond to five short prompts as they identify important literary and plot elements of a story.
But: What problems did the main character encounter? Then: How did the story end? What did the main character learn as a result of the problem? This is an excellent strategy that students can use to quickly summarize any fictional text. Additionally, if a student is struggling to respond to one of the prompts, it is a sign to me that there may be comprehension issues that need to be addressed before the text can be summarized.
I borrowed the idea for haiku chapter summaries from a fabulously creative teacher, Christine Visich. This strategy combines the form and structure of haiku poetry with succinct summaries of a text. Since haikus use short phrases to capture a poignant feeling or image, this strategy forces students to be concise and select only the most important information from a text for their summaries.
These pithy haikus are just the right length to summarize chapters of a book or sections of a text. These haikus can easily be written on a sticky note and kept in the books as a reference for students. Haiku summaries are not only developing an important reading skill, but they also encourage students to practice beautiful and creative writing. Sentence-Phrase-Word is an excellent summarizing strategy to use with a small group of students as they work together to capture the crux of a shared text.
It is a great strategy to use with a group because it encourages students to talk with each other as they develop a collective understanding of a text. After reading a text, students select an important sentence, phrase, and word that capture the meaning of a text.
The students then share in three rounds their selections with their group members and justify their choices with an explanation. Round 1: Choose one sentence from the text that was meaningful to you and connects to an important idea of the text.
Round 2: Select one compelling phrase from the text that best connects to the main idea of the section. Round 3: Choose a single word that captures both your attention and the important idea of the text. Make diverse books available and visible in your classroom libraries with these book recommendations. Pique your students' interest in the wide world of geography with these ideas to celebrate Geography Awareness Week.
Connect your students to the needs of their community with meaningful service learning opportunities. Create a List. List Name Save. Rename this List. Rename this list. List Name Delete from selected List. Save to. Save to:. Save Create a List.
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Encourage your students to dig deep and practice verbally expressing and writing summaries using nonfiction texts with this print-and-go pack!Teachers Pay Teachers is an online marketplace where teachers buy and sell original educational materials. Are you getting the free resources, updates, and special offers we send out every week in our teacher newsletter? All Categories.
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5 Easy Summarizing Strategies for Students
Results for summarizing strategies Sort by: Relevance. You Selected: Keyword summarizing strategies. Grades PreK. Other Not Grade Specific. Higher Education.
Adult Education. Digital Resources for Students Google Apps. Internet Activities. English Language Arts. Foreign Language. Social Studies - History. History World History. For All Subject Areas. See All Resource Types. Summarizing Strategy - Somebody wanted but so then.
This is a reading summarizing strategy that is useful for PK The free pages help students create a one - sentence summary of any story or book that they read! Novel StudyPrintablesGraphic Organizers. Wish List. How to write a 25 word summary PowerPoint lesson. Students demonstrate their reading comprehension using a 25 Word Abstract Summarizing Activity to find the main idea in expository text and summarize it! Use close reading and cooperative group evaluation to write a terrific summary of expository tex.
PowerPoint PresentationsActivitiesMinilessons.Summarizing teaches students how to discern the most important ideas in a text, how to ignore irrelevant information, and how to integrate the central ideas in a meaningful way. Teaching students to summarize improves their memory for what is read. Summarization strategies can be used in almost every content area. The Summary Map activity provides students with practice using the comprehension strategy retelling to improve their understanding of what they read and to foster a greater understanding of the structural features of a summary.
See the lesson plan. This video is published with permission from the Balanced Literacy Diet. See many more related how-to videos with lesson plans in the Reading Comprehension Strategies section. Here's a lesson plan for helping students learn to summarize using Cloudy with a Chance of Meatballs. Jones, R. Strategies for Reading Comprehension: Summarizing. Guthrie, J. Sweet Eds. New York: Guilford. Fact and fiction combine in this story of migrating birds and imprinting behaviors by a well known naturalist.
Everything you never knew you wanted to know about skin is presented in an engaging, light combination of photographs and drawn lines. The result is an informative book that can be shared in layers, demonstrating that "it's your skin that holds you in! When a tsunami orphans a young hippopotamus, a group of concerned Malidi on the east coast of Kenya villagers figure out how to capture the pound baby thus beginning his new life in an animal sanctuary with a new and unlikely companion — a year old tortoise named Mzee.
Full color photographs and straightforward text are used in this inspiring, appealing and true story told first by a young girl and her father. This was great for my homework, because had a question that I did not understand at all.
But this website helped incredibly!!!! X Thank You X!!!! Author Interviews Meet your favorite authors and illustrators in our video interviews. Book Finder Create your own booklists from our library of 5, books! Themed Booklists Dozens of carefully selected booklists, for kids years old. Nonfiction for Kids Tips on finding great books, reading nonfiction and more.Indeed many students face the same problem during the source giving a rundown: the process itself more reminds a simultaneous catch of the several preys.
Students simply sticking the detached texts fragments together instead of making a comprehensive synopsis of the material. The whole summarizing reading strategy procedure is highly valuable in terms of original meaning grasping, nothing works better for the material understanding than restating it with own words in a nutshell. It is often is required as a part of the education process because of this property, this way the student can show a deeper understanding of what has been learned.
How does it work? You need to fill out the so-called chart, filling the information of:. The key points are then written down into a paragraph. This summarizing strategy demands a cooperative work.
You and your classmate or friend need to divide the text into the manageable chunk and then get the responsible ones for every piece of content. Just like in jigsaw puzzle each one will complete the missing gap. When performed by one student you need to article into several paragraphs and assign a 1 original meaning to be derived from it, this way unessential information is sorted out.
Commonly used in social studies and in history based subjects. Students use a chart or a folded piece of paper. The task is to identify who wanted something, what they wanted, what conflict arose, and the resolution. Generating strategies for summarizing in the game form that usually takes place in the classroom.
After the topic was read by everyone the teacher tosses a ball to the student who is 5 seconds states the fact, concept or most significant feature remembered, then tosses further. A student sits down in case left nothing to add. The student must convey the gist in 20 words, this tactic is often used in narrative texts. One of the most widespread methods is the factual text.
Divide the paper into two columns, the main points on the left side, details and important explanations on the right. The ready chart is very useful in case when the narration is written in non-chronological order so the chart provides clarity into the story, organizing into time logical and chronological order. The student reconstructed the sentences from the main notes taken.
So you finished writing your strategy and implementation summary? It is the conceptual or academic source that comes as a more daunting task and at times is different from simple texts.Books, Audiobooks and Summaries. MicroSummary : Michael Porter is one of the gurus of contemporary management. In his book Competitive Advantagehe transformed theory and practice of business strategy teachings around the world.
The book is brilliant and incredibly simple, so reading is a must. In it, Porter analyzes the complexity of the new competitive landscape in its five main forces. Also, it introduces a simple model with three generic strategies low cost, differentiation, and focus that help leaders around the world design their strategic positioning.
Porter models help business managers of all sizes predict competitive behavior and master the art of competitive intelligence. The book is the foundation of several later works on topics such as competition and differentiation, bringing a disciplined approach to helping companies win. Read it carefully and lovingly, as this book will help you rethink the whole strategy of your business or new business that you intend to start.
In the same market, companies always compete for customer revenues and to achieve a dominant position. Therefore, the competence of competitive intelligence has become essential for companies seeking to win in an increasingly competitive and challenging market.
Porter explains that the movements of a competitive market are guided by five fundamental forces, they are:. New entrants stimulate competition and can be a problem for an established company.
The threat of entry may be reduced depending on the entry barriers that exist within an industry. For example, if a company is in a market that is highly regulated by the government, being able to adhere to this complex regulation is an entry barrier that, to be overcome, will require an investment of resources and time. In this case, the battle takes place in several aspects: advertising money, competitions for price, research and development and quality of service.
For example, if a company lowers the final prices of its product to the consumer to gain more market share, other companies need to respond to this initiative to ensure its current penetration. That can, for example, sacrifice business profitability and cause industry-wide problems. When, for example, the smartphone begins to impact the sale of laptops, we have a classic example of pressure from substitute products.
It can be done through the demand for lower prices, more quality and more options for customer choice. By understanding these five forces, it is possible to understand the competitive dynamics of any market and thus plan the strategy according to what it asks for. In general, competitive strategies follow three paths:. It requires constant focus on cost reduction across all areas of the business, to ensure you have competitive pricing. When your positioning is based on the lowest price, you defend yourself from the risk of having a small portfolio of customers, and thus your dependence on your customers is diluted with a high volume of buyers.
An example of a company that has adopted this model is Ford. Its founder, Henry Ford, became known for the invention of the production line assembly that allowed mass production at low cost. Ford said you could have a Ford of any color, as long as it was black, to keep its process and its costs under control. One of the challenges of this model is the lack of customization and limitation in the portfolio of products offered.Summarizing means identifying the main idea and most important facts, then writing a brief overview that includes only those key ideas and details.
Summarizing is a vital skill for students to learn, but many students find it difficult to pick out the important facts without providing too much detail. A good summary is short and to the point. Each word represents a key question related to the story's essential elements:.
The SAAC method is another useful technique for summarizing any kind of text story, article, speech, etc. This method is particularly helpful for students who are learning the format of a summary and need reminders to include the title and author's name. However, SAAC does not include clear guidance about which details to include, which some students might find tricky.
If you use SAAC with your students, remind them of the types of details that belong in a summary before instructing them to work independently. The 5 W's, 1 H strategy relies on six crucial questions: who, what, when, where, why, and how. These questions make it easy to identify the main character, the important details, and the main idea. Try this technique with a familiar fable such as "The Tortoise and the Hare.
Excerpt of the Text and Best Summary Strategies to Outline Essentials
The "First Then Finally" technique helps students summarize events in chronological order. The three words represent the beginning, main action, and conclusion of a story, respectively:.
When someone asks for "the gist" of a story, they want to know what the story is about. In other words, they want a summary—not a retelling of every detail. To introduce the gist method, explain that summarizing is just like giving a friend the gist of a story, and have your students tell each other about their favorite books or movies in 15 seconds or less.
Sensational Summarizing Strategies
You can use the gist method as a fun, quick way to practice summarizing on a regular basis. Share Flipboard Email. Kris Bales. Education Expert. Kris Bales is a long-time homeschool parent. Facebook Facebook. Updated December 27, Somebody : Who is the story about?
Wanted : What does the main charter want? But : Identify a problem that the main character encountered. So : How does the main character solve the problem? Then : Tell how the story ends. Here is an example of this strategy in action:. But : She encountered a wolf pretending to be her grandmother. So : She ran away, crying for help. Then : A woodsman heard her and saved her from the wolf. After answering the questions, combine the answers to form a summary:.
Little Red Riding Hood wanted to take cookies to her sick grandmother, but she encountered a wolf. He was going to eat Little Red Riding Hood, but she realized what he was doing and ran away, crying for help.
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